The Institute for the Study of the Crown in Canada is a not-for-profit Institute affiliated
with Massey College at the University of Toronto. 

The Institute is headed by a President and governed by an Executive Committee.

Additionally the Institute draws upon the expertise of a cadre of Academic Advisors.

E X E C U T I V E   O F F I C E R S

Dr. D. Michael Jackson, CVO, SOM, CD (Regina) 

Michael Jackson was chief of protocol for Saskatchewan from 1980 to 2005, during which he established the provincial honours program. He is author of The Crown and Canadian Federalism (Dundurn, 2013), co-editor of The Evolving Canadian Crown  (McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2012), Canada and the Crown (McGill-Queen's University Press, 2013), and editor of The Canadian Kingdom:  150 Years of Constitutional Monarchy (Dundurn, 2018).  He is a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order and Member of the Saskatchewan Order of Merit.


Mr. John Fraser, CM (Toronto)
Author and journalist John Fraser is president and CEO of the National NewsMedia Council of Canada. He was Master of Massey College from 1995 to 2014. Previously he was the award-winning editor of Saturday Night. He is author of eleven books, including the internationally-acclaimed The Chinese: Portrait of a People (1980), Eminent Canadians (2000), and the Secret of the Crown: Canada's Affair with Royalty (2012). A Member of the Order of Canada, he is founding president of the Institute for the Study of the Crown in Canada. 

Mr. Nathan Tidridge, MSM (Waterdown)

Nathan Tidridge teaches Canadian history, government and Indigenous studies at Waterdown District High School, Ontario, and is author of Canada’s Constitutional Monarchy (Dundurn, 2011), Prince Edward, Duke of Kent (Dundurn, 2013), and The Queen at the Council Fire (Dundurn, 2015).  He is a board member of the Ontario Heritage Trust and a member of the national advisory council for the Prince’s Charities Canada.  He was awarded the Meritorious Service Medal in 2018 for his work in educating Canadians on the role of the Crown and its relationship with Indigenous communities.

Mr. John Gross (Toronto)

Working in the Office of the Lieutenant Governor of Ontario since 2011, John Gross is a practitioner with firsthand and theoretical knowledge of machinery of government in Westminster systems, advising senior officials on constitutional, communications and protocol matters.  A writer and researcher, he helped pioneer the use of social media within the Canadian viceregal community. He has an MA in public policy and administration from Ryerson University.

E X E C U T I V E  C O M M I T T E E   A T  L A R G E

Dr. Sigma A. Daum Shanks (Toronto)

Dr. Signa A. Daum Shanks is a Métis from Saskatchewan who is trained as a lawyer and historian and is a faculty member of Osgoode Hall Law School in Toronto. Her research interests include constitutionalism, legal history, law and economics, and history. In 2017, the Canadian Association of Law Teachers awarded her the Scholarly Paper Award for her article "Why Coywolf Goes to Court" and the Office of the President at York University named her a 2018 York Research Leader.   Dr. Daum Shanks has also been appointed by the United Nations to be a Participant in the annual UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues.

Ms. Mary Dawson, CM, QC (Ottawa)

Mary Dawson was the Conflict of Interest and Ethics Commissioner in Ottawa from 2007 to 2018.  Prior to her appointment as Commissioner she had a long and distinguished legal career within the Department of Justice and was Associate Deputy Minister from 1988 to 2005.  She played an important role in relation to constitutional matters, including the drafting of the patriation package (Constitution Act, 1982) and all subsequent constitutional amendments and proposals. Ms. Dawson was made a Queen’s Counsel in 1978 and was named to the Order of Canada in 2007.


Dr. Carolyn Harris (Toronto)

Author, historian and royal commentator, Carolyn Harris received her doctorate in European history from Queen’s University and teaches at the University of Toronto’s School of Continuing Studies.  She is author of Magna Carta and Its Gifts to Canada (Dundurn, 2015), Queenship and Revolution in Early Modern Europe (Palgrave Macmillan, 2015), and Raising Royalty: 1000 Years of Royal Parenting (Dundurn, 2017).


Hon. Ian Holloway, PC, CD, QC (Calgary)

Ian Holloway has been Dean of Law at the University of Calgary since 2011. Prior to this, Ian served as associate dean at the University of Western Ontario and a associate dean at the Australian National University. He also served as the law clerk to the chief justice of the Federal Court of Appeal.  In 2015, he was appointed to the Security Intelligence Review Committee, and made a member of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada. Beyond the legal sphere, Ian served for 25 years in the Royal Canadian and Royal Australian Navies. 


Dr. Christopher McCreery, MVO, FRHistS (Halifax)

With a doctorate in Canadian political history, Christopher McCreery is the author of more than a dozen books, including On Her Majesty’s Service:  Royal Honours and Recognition in Canada (Dundurn, 2008), The Canadian Honours System (2nd edition, Dundurn, 2015), Fifty Years of Honouring Canadians:  The Order of Canada, 1967-2017 (Dundurn, 2017), and The Order of Canada: Genesis of an Honours System (University of Toronto Press, 2018). He is private secretary to the Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia, a Member of the Royal Victorian Order and served as a Member of the Board of Trustees of the Canadian Museum of History from 2012-2018.

Dr. Barbara J. Messamore, FRHistS (Vancouver)

Barbara J. Messamore, associate professor of history at University of the Fraser Valley, is the author of Canada’s Governors General, 1847-1878: Biography and Constitutional Evolution (2006), co-author of Narrating a Nation: Canadian History Pre-Confederation (2011) and of Conflict and Compromise: Pre-Confederation Canada (2017), and editor-in-chief of the Journal of Historical Biography. With a PhD from the University of Edinburgh, she is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society (UK).


Hon. David Onley, CM, OOnt (Toronto)

David Onley was Lieutenant Governor of Ontario from 2007 to 2014, following a distinguished career as a broadcaster.  He served as chair of the Accessibility Standards Advisory Council of the Government of Ontario.  As Ontario’s first lieutenant governor with a physical disability, Mr. Onley adopted accessibility as the overarching theme of his vice-regal mandate.  He expanded the Aboriginal Youth Literacy Initiative to include computer literacy programs.  He is an Officer of the Order of Canada and a Member of the Order of Ontario.

Mr. Michael Valpy (Toronto)

Michael Valpy has been a member of the Globe and Mail’s editorial board, Ottawa political columnist, Africa correspondent, deputy managing editor, and columnist on social and political issues. He is a continuing Senior Fellow at Massey College in the University of Toronto and a Senior Fellow in Public Policy, Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy. He taught for nine years in the University of Toronto's book and media studies program at the University of Toronto's Scarborough’s School of Journalism.

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A C A D E M I C  A D V I S O R S

Dr. Linda Cardinal, CM, FRSC
Linda Cardinal is full professor at the School of Political Studies at University of Ottawa and Research Chair in Francophone Studies and Public Policy. Her research interests include comparative language planning, langue policy, Francophone minorities in Canada and the provinces, Canadian constitutional policy, and issues of identity and citizenship in Canada and Québec.  In 2015, she co-edited State Traditions and Language Regimes (McGill-Queen’s University Press) and Gouvernance et innovations au sein de la francophonie néobrunswickoise et ontarienne (PUL).  In 2017, she published with Sébastien Grammond Une tradition et un droit : Le Sénat et la représentation de la francophonie canadienne (Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa).   Linda Cardinal is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, Chevalier des Palmes académiques of France, and Member of the Order of Canada.  She is co-editor of the journal World Political Science.

Dr. Andrew Heard
Andrew Heard is a Professor in the Political Science Department at Simon Fraser University and a past president of the British Columbia Political Studies Association. His research interests cover Canadian constitutional and institutional issues: the Crown, constitutional conventions, Senate reform, parliamentary privilege, federalism, elections, and the courts. He has published a second edition of Canadian Constitutional Conventions: The Marriage of Law and Politics (2014).

Dr. Ralph Heintzman
Ralph Heintzman is a senior fellow in the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs at the University of Ottawa and a senior fellow of Massey College in the University of Toronto. A former editor of the Journal of Canadian Studies and a former executive director of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), he also served as Vice-Principal, Research, at the Canadian Centre for Management Development. In the Government of Canada, he held senior executive positions in a number of departments and agencies, and is a recipient of the Vanier Medal, Canada’s highest honour in public administration. He has contributed to learned journals across a variety of disciplines and his writing has been included in a number of edited collections, including two manuals of prose style. His books and monographs include From Research to Results: A Decade of Results-Based Service Improvement in Canada (with Brian Marson); Tom Symons: A Canadian Life and Rediscovering Reverence: The Meaning of Faith in a Secular World                                          

Dr.  Philippe Lagassé

In 2016, Philippe Lagassé was appointed as William and Jeanie Barton Chair in International Affairs, and Associate Professor of International Affairs at the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs at Carleton University.  Previously he was associate professor of public and international affairs at the University of Ottawa. His research focuses on Canadian defence policy and procurement, civil-military relations and machinery of government, and relations between Parliament and Crown in the Westminster system. His work on these subjects has allowed him to serve as a consultant for government, political parties, and the private sector. Committed to academic outreach and public debate, he regularly comments on defence affairs and the Crown in print and social media. In 2015, he was appointed as a member of the Independent Review Panel for Defence Acquisitions (IRPDA). 

Dr.  Peter H. Russell, OC, FRSC

Peter H. Russell is Professor Emeritus of Political Science and was Founding Principal of Senior College at the University of Toronto. His scholarly work has focused on constitutional, judicial and Indigenous politics in Canada as well as in a comparative context, especially with other Westminster parliamentary democracies. His books include Constitutional Odyssey: Can Canadians Become A Sovereign People (2004), The Judiciary in Canada: The Third Branch of Government (1987), Recognizing Aboriginal Title: The Mabo Case and Indigenous Resistance to English-Settler Colonialism (2006), Two Cheers for Minority Government: The Evolution of Canadian Parliamentary Democracy (2008), and most recently, in 2017, Canada's Odyssey: A Country Based on Incomplete Conquests (2017). Peter Russell is an Officer of the Order of Canada, a Fellow and former Foreign Secretary of the Royal Society of Canada. In 2012 he received a Life Time Achievement Award from the American Political Science Association.

Dr.  David E. Smith, OC, SOM, FRSC

David E. Smith has been a Distinguished Visiting Professor at Ryerson University and Professor Emeritus, Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, University of Regina. He taught political studies at the University of Saskatchewan from 1964 to 2004 and is a previous president of the Canadian Political Science Association. His publications include a trilogy of works on each of the parts of Parliament, as well as books on political parties, the constitution, and federalism.The People's House of Commons: Theories of Democracy in Contention (University of Toronto Press, 2007) won the Donner Prize for the best book in Canadian public policy in 2007, and Across the Aisle: Opposition in Canadian Politics (2013) won the Canada Prize in Social Sciences in 2014. His most recent book (2017) is The Constitution in a Hall of Mirrors: Canada at 150 (University of Toronto Press). He is an Officer of the Order of Canada and a Member of the Saskatchewan Order of Merit. 

Dr. Anne Twomey
Anne Twomey is a Professor of Constitutional Law at the University of Sydney.  She previously worked for the High Court of Australia, the Commonwealth Parliamentary Research Service, the Australian Senate Legal and Constitutional Committee, and the Cabinet Office of New South Wales.  She is author of The Chameleon Crown: The Queen and Her Australian Governors (2006), on the Crown's role in the decolonisation of the Australian States, and The Australia Acts 1986: Australia’s Statutes of Independence (2010).  In 2018, Cambridge University Press published her book on the exercise of vice-regal reserve powers in the Realms, The Veiled Sceptre – Reserve Powers of Heads of State in Westminster Systems.  She was an expert witness in the recent litigation concerning changes to the rules of succession in Canada.

Institute for the Study of the Crown In Canada at Massey College
4 Devonshire Place, Toronto   ON  M5S 2E1